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Creating Believable Dialogue: Techniques for Writing Authentic Conversations



In Junot Díaz's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel "The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao," the authentic, vibrant dialogue brings the characters to life, making them feel like real people with distinct voices and personalities. Crafting believable dialogue is an essential skill for any aspiring creative writer, as it can make or break the reader's immersion in the story world.


Listen and Observe


To write authentic dialogue, writers must first become keen observers of the world around them. Pay attention to the way people speak in various contexts, noting their word choices, speech patterns, and mannerisms. Eavesdropping on conversations in public places can provide valuable insights into the nuances of natural speech.


Embrace Imperfection


Real conversations are rarely polished or grammatically perfect. People interrupt each other, trail off mid-sentence, and use filler words like "um" and "like." While it's important not to overdo these elements, incorporating some of these imperfections can make dialogue feel more authentic and relatable.


Give Each Character a Unique Voice


Just as no two people are exactly alike, each character in a story should have a distinct way of speaking. Consider factors such as age, background, education level, and personality traits when crafting dialogue. A teenager from the suburbs will likely speak differently than an elderly farmer from the countryside.


Use Subtext and Body Language


In real life, people often communicate through subtext and nonverbal cues. Characters may say one thing while their body language suggests another, or they may leave things unsaid, trusting the other person to read between the lines. Incorporating these subtle elements can add depth and realism to dialogue.


Read Your Dialogue Aloud


One of the best ways to test the authenticity of your dialogue is to read it aloud. If the words feel awkward or unnatural coming out of your mouth, chances are they will feel the same way to readers. Reading dialogue aloud can help you identify and fix any stilted or unrealistic passages.


Crafting believable dialogue takes practice and a keen ear for the way people really talk. At Hewes House, our experienced book coaches are passionate about helping aspiring writers master this crucial skill. We offer personalized, one-on-one coaching services designed to help you bring your characters to life through authentic, engaging dialogue. Get in touch with us today to learn more about how we can support you on your writing journey.

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